India has been renowned for its printed and dyed cotton cloth since the 12th century and the creative processes flourished as the fabric re-ceived royal patronage. Though the earliest records mention the print-ing centre in the south, the craft seems to have been prevalent all over India.

The major items produced were wall hangings, canopies and floor spreads in rich natural colors. Records show that as far back as the 12th century, several centres in the south, on the western and eastern coasts of India became renowned for their excellent printed cotton. In the medieval age printing and dyeing of cottons was specially devel-oped in Rajasthan. Tents were created from printed fabrics and became a necessary part of royal processions. The seasons largely influenced the integration of the highly creative processes of weaving, spinning, dyeing and printing. Festivals also dictated this activity. Trade in cotton cloth is said to have existed between India and Baby-lon from Buddha's time. Printed and woven cloths traveled to Indone-sia, Malaya and the Far East. Nowadays, although with the development of organic ink and materi-als, block print craftsmen still work in rooms with natural room tem-perature to make sure each part of the fabric is drying at the same time so that colours will come out evenly.