The internationally famous gem craft of Jaipur has a very old tradition. Skilful craftsmen from Delhi, Agra and Varanasi were among the first to be invited to settle in Jaipur. They not only kept alive but also achieved further excellence in their family skills and traditions some families of jewellers connected with this have helped Jaipur to become one of the main centre in this sphere in the world. This pursuit of artistic excellence has been a living tradition throughout more than two hun-dred fifty years of the history of Jaipur town. Jaipur occupies a special place at the interna-tional level due to its multifaceted identity. It has been the special good fortune of Jaipur that arts, crafts, architecture and fine arts con-tinued to develop here while the rest of India saw unsettled conditions. The Mughal Empire began to disintegrate in the early Eighteenth century. Large areas of India were ravaged by the Pendaris and Thugs. The Marathas, Tipu Sultan and the Osmania rulers of Hyderabad fought each other for supremacy in the sub-continent while the Marathas plundered Agra and Delhi, Jaipur were untouched. The Jaipur state was an area of peace and settled conditions. For about a thousand years the Amer state and Jaipur, Pink City didn’t see any attackers. Today Jaipur is known all over the world over as a gem centre. It is the world capital for Em-erald because eighty percent of all finished emerald work of the world originated form Jaipur. From costly Emerald to Semi-precious and artificial gems, eighty-four kinds of gems are cut and finished here. Gem work of very high quality is done here by craftsmen who use very simple tools, work not in any factory but in barely finished rooms at home, following the family or traditional style of craftsmanship. No machines are used. Often the whole family is engaged in this work.